In a previous post I introduced the Yin-Yang Vision (Individual fulfilment and Universal wellbeing), and highlighted the importance of your underlying assumptions for your mission, strategies and intended outcomes. In this post I set out some of the core assumptions underpinning the Yin-Yang Vision and start to unpack the vision by clarifying its key intended outcomes.
The intended goals within the Yin-Yang Vision are also underpinned by the following assumptions:
- One of the main purposes of schools should be educational - it should be about enhancing learning and preparing people for their lives now and in the future
- Digital technology has had a major impact on many aspects of our lives and will have an increasing impact in the future
- The world is facing a range of significant challenges such as:
- global warming
- growing pressure on finite resources (e.g. fossil fuels, land for growing food)
- increasing populations and changing demographics
- increasing disparities between the very rich and everyone else
- ethical issues associated with digital technology (e.g. whose life should an autonomous car prioritise?) and biotechnology (e.g. to what extent should genetic engineering be allowed?)
- We cannot predict what the implications of the challenges facing the world will be, for example in terms of:
- work - will most jobs be automated (even the new ones) leading to a breakdown of the market economy? (see The lights in the tunnel by Martin Ford)
- human migration - will changing weather patterns and rising sea levels due to global warming result in mass migration between countries?
- human evolution - will biotechnology (genetic engineering) and artificial intelligence (cyborg engineering) lead to super-humans (at least for the very rich) as predicted by Yuval Harari (2015)?
- global conflict - will shortages of food or other resources lead to civil strife?
The high level statement of the Yin-Yang Vision (Individual fulfilment and Universal wellbeing) encapsulates a range of key elements if you accept the assumptions set out above:
Sociocultural theory views knowledge as being the ability to act in valued ways within particular contexts (communities of practice), and sees identity, agency and participation as critical.
Individual fulfilment is dependent upon the individual feeling valued, hence the importance of recognition and success. We know that following one's passion is fulfilling. However, life is challenging, and success is more likely to come to those who are resilient and persistent.
Universal wellbeing is dependent upon being able to balance the needs of all people. This involves thinking about the values that different people share, and seeing the inevitable diversity in beliefs as being a strength not a weakness. Clearly, universal wellbeing is dependent upon people feeling that they are being treated fairly, which is about equity and respecting people's rights. Universal wellbeing cannot be achieved without creating a sustainable world. Sustainability is thus about the wellbeing of the planet, and thus includes respecting the rights of rhinos and other living things.
Whilst we cannot predict the future, we can be pretty confident that addressing the challenges facing humanity will require communication, collaboration and creativity as well a high level of problem solving skills. Digital literacy will also be critical given the growing impact of digital technology on society. We can also predict that change is going to continue in the future, some would argue increasingly so over time. Thus, perhaps one of the most important intended outcomes within the Yin-Yang vision is learning to learn.